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经济政治论文研讨会第六十期:历史上的暴力冲突和发展
2020-09-08 14:16  

论文题目:Mark Dincecco and Yuhua Wang.2018."Violent Conflict and Political Development over the Long Run: China versus Europe." Annual Review of Political Science 21: 341-358.

主持:李永涛副教授  

主讲:周永斌,经济学院,博士二年级

时间:2020年9月9日,星期三,19:00-21:00

会议方式:腾讯会议

论文摘要

Is the traditional logic by which violent conflict fosters long-run political development universal? To help address this question, this article compares Europe with China. While historical warfare was very common across both units, representative government flourished only in Europe. We suggest that the relationship between violent conflict and political development depends on the underlying political geography context. In Europe, political fragmentation was rampant. Thus, conflict tended to be external (i.e., interstate), and attack threats were multidirectional. Furthermore, exit ability was high in this context. Elites were therefore in a strong bargaining position to demand political representation in return for new tax revenue. China, by contrast, was politically centralized. Here, conflict tended to be internal, attack threats were unidirectional, and exitability was low. The emperor was thus powerful enough to extract tax funds without surrendering political control. In this context, violent conflict promoted autocratic re-entrenchment. We conclude by briefly analyzing the relationships between political geography, historical conflict, and political development in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America.

 


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