论文题目：Sam Asher, Paul Novosad, 2015. The Impacts of Local Control over Political Institutions: Evidence from State Splitting in India. Working Paper.
Regional and ethnic interest groups frequently lobby for greater autonomy within federal systems, or more homogeneous jurisdictions. There remains little solid evidence that increased autonomy leads to improved development outcomes. We use a border regression discontinuity design to exploit India’s creation of three new states in 2000, states designed to give regional interest groups greater representation. The border areas of these new states were similar on all economic characteristics when the states were created, even though the states in aggregate were quite difffferent. Examining outcomes 12 years after the formation of the new states, we fifind a marked increase in economic activity immediately across the border in the new states. School enrol ment also increases, suggesting greater investment in human capital. Durable goods remain comparable across the two sides of the state border, suggesting that free move ment of labor and capital can mitigate difffferences in economic opportunities across proximate geographies. The results provide new evidence that institutions matter for development, and local control of institutions can have large economic impacts. The results also suggest that geographic discontinuities might be better suited to capturing difffferences in inputs rather than outputs, especially when mobility across borders is unrestricted.