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小鸟读书会第五十二期:地方对政治制度的影响:来自印度的证据
2019-11-04 19:05  

论文题目:Ruixue Jia, Xiaohuan Lan and Gerard Padró I Miquel. 2019. Doing Business in China: Parental Background and Government Intervention as Determinants of Entrepreneurship. Working Paper.

主持:李永涛博士,转型国家经济政治研究中心助理研究员

主讲:赵丽,经济学院,研究生三年级;赵绪帅,经济学院,博士一年级

时间:2019年11月07日,星期四,19:10-20.30

地点:蒲河校区则行楼417会议室


论文摘要

Regional and ethnic interest groups frequently lobby for greater autonomy within federal systems, or more homogeneous jurisdictions. There remains little solid evidence that increased autonomy leads to improved development outcomes. We use a border regression discontinuity design to exploit India’s creation of three new states in 2000, states designed to give regional interest groups greater representation. The border areas of these new states were similar on all economic characteristics when the states were created, even though the states in aggregate were quite difffferent. Examining outcomes 12 years after the formation of the new states, we fifind a marked increase in economic activity immediately across the border in the new states. School enrol ment also increases, suggesting greater investment in human capital. Durable goods remain comparable across the two sides of the state border, suggesting that free move ment of labor and capital can mitigate difffferences in economic opportunities across proximate geographies. The results provide new evidence that institutions matter for development, and local control of institutions can have large economic impacts. The results also suggest that geographic discontinuities might be better suited to capturing difffferences in inputs rather than outputs, especially when mobility across borders is unrestricted.


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