论文题目：Ruixue Jia, Xiaohuan Lan and Gerard Padró I Miquel. 2019. Doing Business in China: Parental Background and Government Intervention as Determinants of Entrepreneurship. Working Paper.
We examine the parental determinants of entrepreneurship in contemporary China using multiple waves of a nationally representative survey between 2005 and 2012. While intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship is a well-known regularity, we hypothesize that in an economy where the state retains an important role, those whose parents are government workers may also be more likely to become entrepreneurs. We show that both entrepreneurs and government workers have a higher likelihood of having children who own incorporated businesses. We then exploit the wide heterogeneity in government involvement in the economy across China. We find that in provinces where government involvement is higher, intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship is much weaker. In contrast, in these provinces the likelihood that children of government workers own incorporated businesses is significantly higher. We thus demonstrate that the local economic business environment shapes the influence of parental background on entrepreneurship.