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小鸟读书会第四十二期:个体对国家和民间在解决争端方面信任变化
2019-05-06 14:29  

论文题目:Daron Acemoglu, Ali Cheema, Asim I. Khwaja, James A. Robinson, Trust in State and Non-State Actors: Evidence from Dispute Resolution in Pakistan. NBER Working Paper No. 24611.

主持:李永涛博士

主讲:刘芳正,国际关系学院,研究生一年级

时间:2019年05月07日,星期二,19:10-20:30

地点:蒲河校区则行楼417会议室 

论文摘要

Lack of trust in state institutions, often due to poor service provision, is a pervasive problem in  many developing countries. If this increases reliance on non-state actors for crucial services, the  resulting self-reinforcing cycle can further weaken the state. This paper examines whether such a  cycle can be disrupted. We focus on dispute resolution in rural Punjab, Pakistan. We find that  providing information about reduced delays in state courts leads to citizens reporting higher  willingness to use state courts and to greater fund allocations to the state in two lab-in-the-field  games designed to measure trust in state and non-state actors in a high-stakes setting. More  interestingly, we find indirect effects on non-state actors. After receiving state positive  information, respondents report lower likelihood of using non-state institutions and reduce funds  allocated to them in field games. Furthermore, we find similar direct and indirect effects on a  battery of questions concerning people’s beliefs about these actors, including a decreased  allegiance to the non-state actor. We rationalize these results with a model of motivated reasoning  whereby reduced usage of non-state institutions makes people less likely to hold positive views  about them. These results indicate that, despite substantial distrust of the state in Pakistan,  credible new information can change beliefs and behavior. The feedback loop between state  ineffectiveness and the legitimacy of non-state actors may be reversible.


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