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小鸟读书会第五十期PPT:政治竞争与腐败:来自西非警察证据
2019-11-05 09:13  

论文题目:Jasper Cooper, 2018. How Political Competition Can Increase Corruption: Electoral cycles in police extortion in West Africa. Working Paper.

主持:李永涛博士,转型国家经济政治研究中心

主讲:李立卓,经济学院,研究生二年级;马甜甜,经济学院,研究生三年级

时间:2019年10月24日,星期四,19:10-20.30

地点:蒲河校区则行楼417会议室


论文摘要

Several studies have found a positive association between democratization and corruption. Few, however, posit a convincing mechanism. I explain why the relationship between political competition and corruption may be concave. In countries where bureaucracies are poorly insulated from political influence, the introduction of elections increases uncertainty about future leadership. By threatening future income, competitive elections raise the opportunity cost of remaining honest, incentivizing corruption. These dynamics do not exist in autocratic countries,where elections provoke no uncertainty about future leadership, or in consolidated democracies, where civil service legislation protects bureaucrats from political vicissitudes. Examining electoral cycles in over 300,000 bribes paid over a seven-year period by truck-drivers in five West African countries, I show that the average bribe extorted by bureaucrats increases by twenty three percent in the buildup to competitive elections. Consistent with the idea that political competition only increases extortion when it increases uncertainty, bribes in the post-election period return to the non-electoral average when incumbents win reelection, but remain high when challengers win. I find no evidence that such dynamics exist around elections in autocracies. The findings suggest that democratization can have adverse effects on corruption in the short-term, and highlight the importance of civil service insulation as an anti-corruption policy.



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